Transgender women diagnosed with HIV (and their sex and needle-sharing partners) are less likely to receive partner services that include outreach to notify them of potential HIV exposure and offering of HIV counseling and testing services. Overall, 71.5% of transgender women with HIV ("index persons") were interviewed for partner services, compared to 81.1% for all index persons.
The findings are particularly notable for HIV prevention efforts as transgender women in the U.S. have a much higher HIV prevalence rate (estimated at 14.2%) than the general population. Data are presented in the CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) report, HIV Partner Service Delivery Among Transgender Women — United States, 2013–2017.
Variations among transgender women with HIV are summarized in Table 1 in the report. For example, transgender women less likely to be interviewed for partner services include those over 35 years of age (60.2-63.6%) compared to those in the age categories 25-34 (74.6%) and 13-24 (81.9%). Likewise interview rates were lower for those residing in the West (52.6%) and Northeast (73.4%) compared to the South (83.4%) and Midwest (87.5%).