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HIV-related stigma compromises the well-being of people with the disease. Stigmatized individuals may suffer discrimination that can lead to loss of employment and housing, estrangement from family and society, and increased risk of violence. HIV-related stigma can also drive new HIV infections because it can deter people from getting tested for the disease, make them less likely to acknowledge their risk of infection, and discourage those who are HIV-positive from discussing their HIV status with their partners and families.

Resources 15

Guidelines and Manuals

Webinars and Training

  • National Center for Innovation in HIV Care
    May 2017

    Review of research on the causes of higher trauma prevalence among People with HIV. The relationship of trauma symptoms to decreased engagement in HIV services, and best practices in trauma-informed care.

  • Futures Without Violence, HRSA
    May 2017

    Website-based toolkit on ways for agencies to establish partnerships to address intimate partner violence (IPV). Focus is on partnerships among HRSA Health Centers and domestic violence and sexual assault (DV/SA) advocacy programs. 

  • National Center for Innovation in HIV Care
    January 2017

    Review of barriers to health care access in rural areas and their impact on health outcomes of persons living with HIV in the United States.

  • HRSA HIV/AIDS Bureau (HAB)
    January 2007

    Facilitator's training curriculum and slides on educating service providers about HIV/AIDS-related stigma. There are five modules with participant training exercises. 

Tools and Job Aids

Reports and Best Practices


  • AETC National Coordinating Resource Center (NCRC)
    May 2020

    HIV clinical training resources for the AIDS Education and Training Centers (AETC) Program, funded by HRSA's Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program. 

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
    February 2018

    Federal resources on discrimination and health care privacy protections.

  • Center for Engaging Black MSM across the Care Continuum
    January 2017

    Web training site to educate providers on the delivery of HIV health care services for black men who have sex with men to enhance engagement/retention in care.

  • Howard Brown Health Center
    October 2012

    Curriculum for nurses teaching cultural competency in the care of LGBT older adults.